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Blind men with an elephant?

Oct 4 2017 | Posted in: Research Highlight
By Emily McKenzie
The importance of understanding context

Diagram Further 1975 Ford Truck Ignition Wiring Diagram Also 1978 Ford Some of you may recognize this story: A group of blind men learn about an elephant by touching it. Each feels only one part – the trunk, the tusk, the belly. When they describe the elephant, they are in complete disagreement.

How Do Computers Work Sciforums Natural capital approaches are applied in complicated contexts. And, such as this Indian parable, teams applying these approaches often see only part of the picture. Governance and Accounting for the Management of Ecological Systems (GAMES)– a Luc Hoffmann Institute project with the University of Cambridge, WWF, AgroParisTech, and NatCap – has developed a ‘Context Diagnostic for Conservation’ to help natural capital practitioners better understand the broader context in which they are working, or elephant they are touching, if you will.  

1986 S10 Wiring Diagram In a recent interview,Dodge Charger Speaker Diagram (University of Cambridge and AgroParisTech),Wall Socket Wiring Australia (University of Cambridge), and Wiring Diagram Moreover Trane Voyager Wiring Diagram On Honeywell Oil (AgroParisTech) told Emily McKenzie (WWF, Natural Capital Project) about the Context Diagnostic and what inspired its development.

Clément Feger

Clément Feger
University of Cambridge and AgroParisTech

Bhaskar Vira

Bhaskar Vira
University of Cambridge

Laurent Mermet

Laurent Mermet
AgroParisTech


WWF-Indonesia team

Fog Lights Wiring With Relay And Switch WWF-Indonesia team use the Context Diagnostic to reflect on the context in Central Sumatra. Photo by Clement Feger

Ignition Wiring Diagram Besides 1980 Cadillac Wiring Diagram Who is the audience for the Context Diagnostic for Conservation and what is it?

2 Pin Trailer Wiring Harness The Context Diagnostic is designed for conservation project managers and practitioners who wish to use biodiversity and ecosystem service assessments and valuation to create change. It is designed to stimulate and facilitate reflections among teams about the context for a project. It can help guide thinking, synthesize information, and stimulate effective strategy and planning.

2015 Klr650 Wiring Diagram The tool introduces five analytical frameworks that illuminate social, political and institutional dimensions of ecosystem management. Examples include power dynamics, value systems, environmental strategies, effective institutions, and the role of innovation. For each framework, the Context Diagnostic provides a summary of the social science theory, a check-list of questions to reflect on, a diagram to synthesize and organize information, and a fictionalized example inspired by a real case.  The Context Diagnostic can be used to guide internal team discussions. Issues that warrant further exploration can be investigated through interviews, surveys, focus groups, or field visits.

2006 Dodge Grand Caravan Fuse Box The tool can be used at different points in a project: in early phases, to assess the conditions that will enable success and specific metrics of success for the project; mid-way, to reflect on how circumstances have changed and how to adapt; or, at the end, to debrief on successful and less successful outcomes.  The Context Diagnostic can be accessed by reading a Subaru Wrx Wiring Diagram Symbols and/or watching aYamaha Vino 50 Wiring Diagram.

A woman planting trees

High Density Printed Circuit Board Electronic Cir A woman planting trees for onward growth in the Ashrams forests near Vadodara, India. Photo courtesy of Global Warming Images / WWF

What made you realise context matters for conservation?

Scooters Furthermore Pride Mobility Scooter Parts Diagram Besides Laurent: In 1982, my supervisor (Myvi Power Window Wiring Diagram) was asked by the French Ministry of Environment to value ecosystem services in monetary metrics to help public decision-making about infrastructure development, things like roads and dams. Claude Henry said, “Sure, we can do that, but first let’s check that public decisions are really made by weighing costs and benefits using economic values.” A detailed analysis of five infrastructure and agriculture decisions showed not a single case was based on economic valuation. This made me keenly aware that there is more at play in decision-making.

Troubleshooting 3 Way Switches Bhaskar:    In 1990, I researched tree planting policies in India to address the fuelwood crisis. Donors were giving out saplings and assumed farmers would plant the trees for fuelwood. But it didn’t work! Why not? No one had paid attention to the incentive structures that drive the decisions of families and farmers in India. Farmers did not have sufficient labour to maintain the trees in the early years after planting. And the saplings being handed out were not good species for fuelwood. Commercial farmers were instead planting the saplings as a cash crop.  This taught me that political economy and incentive structures affect decision-making for land management and are critical determinants of success for any project.

So why does context affect whether natural capital approaches succeed?

76 240D Alternator Power Goes To Fuse 1 Peachparts Mercedes Bhaskar:    Assessing natural capital always occurs in the context of a particular place and the people who live and interact with nature there. A natural capital assessment is meaningless unless placed in the context of that overall ‘social-ecological system’.

1999 Jeep Wrangler Fuel Filter Laurent:    In my view, the natural capital movement has been based mostly on two dimensions – ecology and economics. But there are many other dimensions to decision-making – cultural, historical, and political. It is essential to consider these in the places we work.

Mitsubishi Endeavor Wiring Schematic Clément:    Natural capital approaches have had most success improving decision-making in places where enabling conditions exist. For example, motivated stakeholders, conducive policy and institutions, and a culture of deliberation and compromise. But unfortunately these conditions are not in place everywhere. The natural capital community needs strategies to succeed even where change is difficult—for example, where powerful established interests are threatened.

A rubber tree seed

Water Sensor Switch Wiring Diagram A rubber tree seed, Long Pahangai, East Kalimantan. Photo courtesy of WWF / Simon Rawles

Wiring Diagram 12 Volt Hydraulic Pump Wiring Diagram Hydraulic Pump How useful is the context diagnostic for NatCap’s partners who often begin with a deep understanding of the context for their project?

Circuit Diagram Diagram Free Electronic Circuits Projects Clément:    The Context Diagnostic has been tested in two places so far: in the Philippines, to support an Agence Française de Développement restoration project; and, in Indonesia, to support WWF and the Government of Indonesia with creation of an ecological corridor in central Sumatra. The Context Diagnostic proved useful to guide discussions in both large workshops and small team discussions.

Lark Wiring Diagram It helped the teams uncover and reflect on key issues that people already knew but that had not yet surfaced in the projects and that were critical considerations for the success of the projects. For example, in Sumatra, the questions in the Context Diagnostic helped to identify that new, proposed sustainable production practices for palm oil and rubber farmers can only work if there is greater control of land-grabbing.

Lm382 Phono Preamplifier Riaa Circuit Diagram Tradeoficcom Bhaskar:    There are many other projects and processes that could benefit from the context diagnostic, not only NatCap. For example, the1997 Toyota 4Runner Trailer Wiring Harness sets out global commitments to forest restoration. While IUCN, WRI, NatCap and others have designed methods to support that restoration, such asPioneercarstereodeh1300Mpwiringdiagrampioneercarstereowiring, these methods are generally techno-centric and thus risk ignoring key elements of context that can make or break the project’s trajectory toward its stated goals. Such work could benefit from critical consideration of the context in which restoration is or is not practiced. This example brings me right back to my first story about planting saplings in India. One of my students counted the number of saplings that had been distributed in recent decades. They would cover the surface of India five times over! If we focus more on context, perhaps we can avoid similar mistakes.

So what’s next for this collaboration?

Half The Fuse Box Has Power Why Alfa Romeo Bulletin Board Forums Clément:    We are excited to roll out the case method for the Context Diagnostic as part of the Natural Capital Project’s training program. We tested it already with practitioners at the 2017 Natural Capital Symposium and with students at the University of Cambridge. In these early tests, it has proved to be a powerful learning method.

Chevrolet El Camino Ss The other focus of the GAMES project is on accounting. We are looking at how to connect information systems to ecosystem-centred organization and management. We just had a successfulConventional 2 Way Switch Wiring Diagram sponsored by the University of Cambridge1999 Chevrolet 3500 Wiring Diagram that brought together the ‘critical accounting’ and conservation communities. Moving forward, we are excited to apply these new accounting frameworks, for example, with WWF-UK in theWiring Diagram Furthermore Gmc Van Wiring Diagram On 91 Topkick, where local communities can leverage natural capital information as they develop strategies for river management in the face of the huge policy upheaval of Brexit.

Soldering A Circuit Board Stock Photo Image 12979000 Learn more about the Context Diagnostic for Conservation by exploring the following resources:

The Great Ouse River

The Great Ouse River, Cambridge. Photo courtesy of Jiri Rezac / WWF-UK

 

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